When people get the idea of moving to Canada for good, they may initially think it will simply be a case of filling in some paperwork, waiting a short while and off they go. This is absolutely not the case.
In order to immigrate to Canada from any country there are rules to follow and only a few select methods of immigration to choose from. If you find you do not fit the criteria of one method, you can look to another. Many people will find a route suitable for them, but there will always be some who, however determined they are o get to Canada will not be able to do so. This might be because they do not have the right skills or perhaps the right experience. Here we take a look at the various options available to potential immigrant applicants.
Skilled Worker
The most popular route into Canada is the Skilled Worker Class. This route allows people to immigrate to Canada as permanent residents based on their education, work experience, language skills etc.
The criteria for immigrating using this route was recently amended and now the principal applicant needs to not only score enough points in the selection factors, but must also have experience and qualifications within certain industries and job descriptions as specified by the government of Canada.
In order to apply under this category you must either have an arranged offer of employment, or be a foreign national living legally in Canada for one year as a temporary worker or international student or have at least one year of experience in one or more of the following: Financial Managers, Computer and Information Systems Managers, Managers in Health Care, Restaurant and Food Service Managers, Accommodation Service Managers, Construction Managers, Financial Auditors and Accountants, Geologists, Geochemists and Geophysicists, Mining Engineers, Geological Engineers, Petroleum Engineers, Specialist Physicians, General Practitioners and Family Physicians, Audiologists and Speech Language Pathologists, Occupational Therapists, Physiotherapists, Head Nurses and Supervisors, Registered Nurses, Medical Radiation Technologists, Licensed Practical Nurses, University Professors, College and Other Vocational Instructors, Chefs, Cooks, Contractors and Supervisors, Pipefitting Trades, Contractors and Supervisors, Carpentry Trades, Contractors and Supervisors, Heavy Construction Equipment Crews, Electricians (Except Industrial and Power System), Industrial Electricians, Plumbers, Steamfitters, Pipe fitters and Sprinkler System Installers, Welders and Related Machine Operators, Heavy-Duty Equipment Mechanics, Crane Operators, Drillers and Blasters Surface Mining, Quarrying and Construction, Supervisors, Mining and Quarrying, Supervisors, Oil and Gas Drilling and Service or Supervisors, Petroleum, Gas and Chemical Processing and Utilities.
If you qualify under this criteria you must then score at least 67 points in the selection factors which include education, French and English language skills, work experience, age, arranged employment in Canada and adaptability.
You must then be able to show that you have enough money to support you and your family. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) set proof of fund figures for different family numbers and you will need to prove you have this money available at the time of application. An example would be a family of four would need to have at least $20,130 CND as proof of funds.
If you satisfy all of these criteria you may apply for permanent residency under the skilled worker class. Ore details about this class of immigration can be found on the Citizenship and Immigration website using this link.
Applicants wishing to immigrate to Quebec will need to use the Quebec Skilled Worker Immigration route.
Experience Class
This route of immigration can be used by people who are temporary foreign workers or foreign students in Canada and who wish to reside in Canada permanently. This route does not apply to people who wish to reside in Quebec.
In order to apply through this route you must either be a temporary foreign worker with at least two years experience of full-time (or equivalent) skilled work experience in Canada. Or you can be a foreign graduate from a Canadian post-secondary institution with at least one year full-time (or equivalent) skilled work experience in Canada.
In either case you must also possess the ability to speak either English or French.
Full details of this class of immigration can be found using this link.
Investor Class
If you are an experienced business person willing to invest in Canada you may qualify under this category of immigration.
You must have at least two-years business experience and have a net worth of at least $800,000 CND and be able to invest $400,000 CND.
I addition to this you must also score at least 35 points in the selection factor criteria and have enough money to support your family as per the proof of funds amounts set by CIC.
Full details of this route can be found using this link.
Entrepreneur Class
This class os for people who have money to invest in a Canadian business and can successfully manage a business which contributes to the economy and creates jobs.
You must have at least two-years business experience and have a net worth of at least $300,000 CND and must score at least 35 points in the selection factor criteria and have enough money to support your family as per the proof of funds amounts set by CIC.
Full details of this route can be found using this link.
Self-Employed Class
This class of immigration attracts people who are looking to become self-employed in Canada, but may not be exactly what you think, so read the rules carefully.
You must have relevant experience in one or three categories: participation at a world-class level in cultural activities or athletics, farm management experience or self-employment in cultural activities or athletics.
I addition to this you must also score at least 35 points in the selection factor criteria and have enough money to support your family as per the proof of funds amounts set by CIC.
Full details of this route can be found using this link.
Provincial Nominee Program
This class of immigration is determined by each individual province or territory based on the needs of the area regarding skill shortages etc.
All Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) are based on the applicant having a secured job offer from an employer within the province or territory.
Each has its own rules and regulations and criteria, so you should check out each to see if you might qualify.
Alberta
Manitoba
Newfoundland and Labrador
Ontario
Saskatchewan
British Columbia
New Brunswick
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island
Yukon Territory
Family Sponsorship
If you have family in Canada who are permanent residents or Canadian citizens they may be able to sponsor you to immigrate to Canada. This is dependent upon your relationship to them and the sponsorship must be initiated by them.
Spouses, conjugal partners and common-law partners of opposite or same-sex can be sponsored as can dependent children.
Other relatives that can be sponsored include parents, grandparents, brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, granddaughters or grandsons who are orphaned, under 18 years of age and not married or in a common-law relationship or another relative of any age or relationship if none of the above relatives could be sponsored, and you have no other relatives who are Canadian citizens, persons registered as Indians under the Indian Act or permanent residents.
Full details of the family sponsorship class can be found here.
Everyone looking to move permanently to Canada will be required to meet medical and security requirements. You and your family members must pass a medical examination and security and criminal checks. This is relevant to all immigrants regardless of the route used to enter the country.
Details of all routes into Canada including temporary foreign workers and study permits can be found using the Citizenship and Immigration website.